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The Gernika top 10

The Tree of Gernika and the Casa de Juntas (Assembly House)

Address: Calle Allende Salazar

The Casa de Juntas (Assembly House) and the  Tree of Gernika are living symbols of the history of the Basque People. The parliamentary home of Vizcaya’s most important institutional body, the General Assembly, stands next to the so-called ‘foral’ (charter) oak tree, a meeting point for all the territories of Euskal Herria, united in a single cultural and ethnographic tradition.

Information

Opening hours:   ​​​​​​Every day from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. and from 4 to 6 p.m. (except when a plenary session is in progress).

From June to September the building remains open until 7 p.m.

Admission is free but you must BOOK IN ADVANCE

 

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The Guernica Assembly House

The Guernica Assembly House is in fact a Church and a Parliament. Although the building’s ecclesiastical facet takes second place to its political facet today, it retains both the altar and the holy water fonts.

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The Tree of Gernika

The Tree of Gernika: undoubtedly the most universal symbol of the Basque people.


The Euskal Herria Museum

Address: Calle Allende Salazar, 5

Built in the Baroque style, the Alegria Palace is home to the interesting Euskal Herria Museum. Set amidst the Assembly House, the Park of the Peoples of Europe and the Convent of Santa Clara, visitors can learn all about the history of the Basque Country through its culture and traditions. 

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WEBSITE

Telephone: 94 625 54 51

Email: euskalherriamuseoa@bizkaia.eus

Price: Admission: 3,5€      Reduced rate: 2€     Saturdays free

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The Euskal Herria Museum

The home of the Euskal Herria Museum is the magnificent Palace of the Count of Montefuerte, the Alegria Palace, built in 1733. It stands in a part of Gernika that was spared from the bombs that fell on the town in 1937, during the Civil War. But the building goes back much further than that and is inextricably linked to the history of the Basque Country. The original structure was a medieval tower whose function was primarily defensive.

 


The Peace Museum

Address: Foru Plaza 1 

This interactive museum takes us back to the 26th of April 1937, the day on which bombs and fire reduced the streets of the town of Gernika to rubble.

Its thorough and highly impressive photographic exhibition, as well as the poignant audiovisual presentations featuring testimonies of survivors of the tragedy, make this museum a must-see for every visitor to the town.

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WEBSITE

Telephone: 94 627 02 13 

Email: museoa@gernika-lumo.net

Price: Admission: 6€      Reduced rate: 4€

Saturdays between 1 and 4 p.m.: free (between 4 and 7 p.m. in the high season)

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The Gernika Peace Museum

This interactive museum takes us back to the 26th of April 1937, the day on which bombs and fire reduced the streets of the town of Gernika to rubble.


The Mural of Picasso’s “Guernica”

Address: Calle Allendesalazar, 11 

​​Located in the same street as the Assembly House and the Euskal Herria Museum, each individual tile of the mosaic gives shape to the stunning puzzle that sprang from Pablo Picasso's imagination: the “Guernica”, a work of unquestionable international prestige that can today be admired in the Reina Sofia Museum in Madrid. The mosaic is a life-size reproduction of the original (3.49 m. x 7.77 m.).

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The Mural of Picasso’s “Guernica”

Beneath this breath-taking mural there is an inscription that expresses the wish of the people of Gernika that the painting should be exhibited in the town that inspired its creator: Gernika. It literally means: The “Guernica” in Gernika.

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Picasso

The terrible attack on Gernika inspired the Malaga-born painter to create one of his most famous works.


The Park of the Peoples of Europe and sculptures

Address: Allende Salazar Kalea

Divided into four quite separate sections in terms of structure and composition, this park is home to an interesting variety of trees and shrubs. A veritable haven of peace in the centre of Gernika. The northern part of the park is where we will find two important sculptures: 

  • Eduardo Chillida’s “Gure Aitaren Etxea”
  • Henry Moore’s “Large Figure in a Shelter”.

A stream meanders through the park, and there is also a duck pond, a firm favourite for young and old alike.

Free admission

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The Park of the Peoples of Europe

Inaugurated in October 1991 and divided into four quite separate sections in terms of structure and composition, this park is home to an interesting variety of trees and shrubs


Air-raid shelters

Gernika is the only town in the Basque Country to have restored three of its air-raid shelters:

The Pasealeku air-raid shelter:

Address: Pasealekua

Two of the four tunnels excavated in 1936 were reopened in 2018. 

Opening hours: Please check at the Tourist Office

The Astra air raid shelter, outdoor visit:

Address: Ibarra kalea 4

The shelter at the Astra arms factory was built in September 1936 to provide shelter for the company’s workforce. This concrete building was “concealed” beneath a false roof which prevented it from being identified by the planes that took part in the bombing.

Opening hours: Please check at the Tourist Office

The Talleres de Gernika air-raid shelter, outdoor visit:

Address: Ibarra kalea 17

The second Talleres de Gernika shelter is a 22-metre long by 5-metre wide structure made up of solid, one-metre thick walls.

THESE TWO SHELTERS ARE CURRENTLY CLOSED TO THE PUBLIC.

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Air-raid shelters

Just 4 days after the military uprising, on the 22nd of July 1936, the first bombing of Basque territory took place: the bombardment of Otxandio, a town located to the south of Gernika. In the aftermath of this and subsequent attacks on Bilbao, and in anticipation of future bombings, towns throughout the Basque Country began building shelters.

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The bombing

This bombardment was a perfect testing ground for the newly created German Air Force, the Luftwaffe. Officially, the alleged objective was to destroy the small bridge Puente de Renteria in order to prevent Basque troops from retreating towards Bilbao.


The Gernika market

Address: Pza Domingo Alegría

Monday is the best day of the week to visit Gernika, as every Monday of the year it is home to one of the few traditional markets that are still held in the Basque Country. People from all over the region of Busturialdea flock to the Gernika market to buy and sell agricultural products in an atmosphere of colour and gaiety. 

Experience Monday in Gernika for yourself!

Information

Opening hours: 9 a.m. to 1 p.m., although traders may sometimes pack up their stalls earlier or later than that, depending on how the day’s sales have been going. 

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The Gernika market

Until the mid-20th century, Gernika’s weekly Monday market was held in the open air - there simply was no covered area that could house it.

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First and last Monday of October in Gernika

Dating back more than 650 years - to when it was first established as a town in fact - Gernika boasts one of the few remaining traditional markets in the Basque Country. Back in 1366, Gernika’s founding Charter granted it the right to hold a weekly market. 


The Jai Alai Fronton

Address: Carlos Gangoiti Kalea, 14

One of the largest cesta punta fronton courts in the world still in use, it is known as the “Cathedral of Pelota” in the Basque Country. The fact that it is the fastest ball game in the world has earned it its place in the Guinness Book of Records

Don’t miss the opportunity to experience the raw power of this sport live!

Information

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Telephone: 658 750 627

Email: info@gernikajaialai.com

Services: Demonstrations, guided tours, play on the court...

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The Gernika Jai Alai: the “Cathedral of Pelota”

Following the overwhelming success of cesta punta in Durango, a magnificent fronton was built and inaugurated in Gernika in June 1963. The work of the prestigious architect Secundino Zuazo, the Gernika Jai Alai was built in the shape of a two-storey-high, right-scalene triangle. 

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Demonstrations of Cesta Punta

Jai Alai, a Joyful Party. A sport, a party. The fastest sport in the world in one of the world’s largest fronton courts still in use. Don’t miss the opportunity to experience the raw power of cesta punta live. You may have seen lots of sports, but you’ve never seen anything like this!


The Gothic Church of Santa Maria

Address: Goienkalea 1

Just a few metres away from the Gernika Assembly House, at the top of a steep slope that once marked the boundary between the urban area of the town of Gernika and the jurisdiction of the elizate or parish of Lumo, stands the Church of Santa María de Gernika. The church was built in Gothic style in the mid-15th century.

Information

Opening hours:

Before mass: 6:15 - 7 p.m.

Mass hours: Monday to Saturday at 7 p.m.

Sundays: 12:30 p.m.

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The Gothic Church of Santa Maria

Just a few metres away from the Gernika Assembly House, on a steep slope that once marked the boundary between the urban area of the Chartered Town and the jurisdiction of the elizate or parish of Lumo, stands the Church of Santa María. 


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